Automating and embedding life cycle assessment in the process of commercial retrofit

Grantham Scholar Danielle Abbey investigates the retrofitting of non-domestic buildings which helps to reduce energy use in the UK.

More specifically, her interest revolves around the possibility of automating the process, allowing for quicker design and implementation of building retrofit.

She is also examining the effect of accounting for embodied carbon within retrofit design and whether this would discourage or encourage the demolition of existing buildings.


The Future of the Former John Lewis Building in Sheffield. Danielle looks at the carbon emissions of 4 possible future scenarios for the John Lewis building in Sheffield.

Research groups

Danielle is part of the University of Sheffield’s Urban Flows Observatory.

Social media

You can find Danielle on LinkedIn.


Dr Danielle Densley Tingley

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering


Dr Hadi Arbabi

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering

Dr Wil Ward

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering