The green economy, resource governance and pastoralism: Transforming livelihoods and institutional landscapes
Lead supervisor: Professor Frances Cleaver, Geography
Co-supervisor(s): Professor Dan Brockington, Sheffield Institute for international Development; Faustin Maganga, Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam; Mike Morris, WWF
Deadline: Thursday 23 February 2017
Applications for this project have now closed.
This research will explore the impact of green economy policies for resource governance and livelihoods, by focusing on the effects on pastoralists in the Usangu plains in South West Tanzania. Green economy initiatives are favoured in policy as approaches that combine economic and environmental objectives. However, there are significant tensions between securing economic growth and equitable green transformation – it is these tensions that the research will explore. Conceptually the research will be located in political ecology and critical institutional perspectives. The Tanzanian field research will deploy multi-sited ethnography, investigating the topic through different geographical and social field sites an in depth methods. There will be scope for the PhD candidate to develop the focus of the research according to their own interests.
This research will address gaps in knowledge about the effects of green economy initiatives on pastoralist livelihoods. These include a scarcity of good data on livelihood trajectories and on the impacts of policies which favour some ‘green initiatives (carbon forestry, eco-tourism, contract agriculture) and sideline others (pastoralism, small scale agriculture). Additionally the effects of green economy initiatives on the institutional landscape (and on rights and resource access) are poorly understood.
The Usangu plains in Tanzania are part of the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor, a national and international ‘green economy’ initiative. Agriculture is expanding and consequently the lands available to pastoralists for grazing, and access routes to water, have been drastically curtailed. Simultaneously, conservation estate in the region has been extended and people living there forcibly removed. Pastoralists often lack voice in formal institutions and their contribution to the economy (meat, milk) and the environment (maintaining savannah landscapes) have been overlooked.
The research will therefore address the following questions:
- How do green economy policies ‘travel’? How are they translated locally into practices which favour some and marginalize others?
- What is the impact on livelihoods and how do pastoralists adapt (through resistance, accommodation, adaptation, migration)?
- How do institutions evolve in response to green economy initiatives? Can green economy approaches facilitate inclusive governance and further adaptive solutions to resource dilemmas?
A variety of methods will be used in a multi-sited ethnographic approach:
- Livelihood survey
- Semi structured interviews
- Focus group discussion
- Process tracking/observation
- Policy analysis
Language skills in Swahili would be desirable.
Keywords: pastoralism, green economy, governance, institutions, natural resources, livelihoods.
Subject areas: Human Geography, Development Studies, Anthropology, Sociology, Politics
This four-year studentship will be fully funded at Home/EU or international rates. Support for travel and consumables (RTSG) will also be made available at standard rate of £2,627 per annum, with an additional one-off allowance of £1,000 for a computer in the first year. Students will receive an annual stipend of £17,336.