Food security, climate change and environmental impacts are the major challenges for today’s agriculture. To face these challenges, an alternative system to conventional agriculture has been proposed: no tillage. In this system, seeding is performed directly in the residues of the antecedent crops, without previous soil preparation, causing a minimal disturbance. Around the globe it has been proven that no tillage maintains similar yields than conventional tillage, while the development of soil structure enhances soil and water conservation. Despite this benefits, European no tillage adoption rates remain very low.
This interdisciplinary project studies the environmental and social factors that influence European farmers in the decision-making process regarding no tillage adoption. Data from no tillage systems and conventional tillage systems is compared. Farmers’ reality is approached through group discussions and interviews in agro-environmentally and culturally distinct regions across Europe. In these same regions, field tests are performed and environmental samples are collected to be analysed in the laboratory. Interest is focused on soil’s physical, chemical and biological properties, and how these are related to two critical soil functions: support for agricultural production and carbon sink.