Leading academics from the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures and Energy 2050 joined world leaders in Marrakech for the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP22), 7-18 November 2016. Researchers from the from across the University of Sheffield shared their expertise on food security and sustainable energy with leaders and delegates from across the world at the event, which followed 2015’s historic conference where the Paris Agreement was signed.
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Learn about the latest sustainability research from Sheffield which helped inform the debate at COP22, and read views from University experts.
Impressions from COP22: Lessons from Marrakech
by Kaisa Pietilä, Grantham Scholar
Impressions from COP22: Was this the ‘COP of action’?
by Rachael Treharne, PhD student, the University of Sheffield
Impressions from COP22: An intriguing week of scholarship
by Angesh Anupam, Grantham Scholar
Sheffield delegation return from important UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakech
Impressions from COP22: Time is of the essence
by Niall Bradshaw, Grantham Scholar
Impressions from COP22: Energy access and climate change through the energy-water-food nexus
by Tinashe Mawodza, Grantham Scholar
After Brexit and Trump, it’s time we talked about consumption
by Professor Colin Osborne, Associate Director
‘Shocking and scary’: how Trump’s victory was received at the UN climate talks in Marrakech
by Professor Tony Ryan OBE, Director, and Professor Duncan Cameron, P3
‘A roaring lion kills no game’: From mitigation to adaptation
by Emma Stevens, Grantham Scholar
Sheffield academics accelerate world-leading research vital for sustainability
The University hosted and participated in discussions on the global energy transition, food security and innovation with a range of international partners at COP22.
Location: EU1, EU Pavilion
Organiser: ASEAN-German Programme on Response to Climate Change, GAP-CC
Location: GZ1, Green Zone
Organiser: OPEC OFID
Partners: The University of Sheffield, International Gas Union, German Federal Ministry
It is a fact that no country has developed without access to reliable and affordable energy services. Despite attempts to decouple economic growth and energy consumption, the two seem to be linked in a feedback loop: increased energy access fosters income growth, while energy use tends to increase with income. In developing countries with low levels of access to modern energy services, energy is regarded as a resource to fuel economic growth.
However, it is becoming increasingly apparent that economic growth needs to be reconciled with the protection of the environment and the sustainable use of natural resources. Global projections indicate that demand for freshwater, energy and food will increase significantly over the next decades. At the same time the availability of these commodities will be affected as the effects of climate change become more significant. Developing countries in particular face a difficult challenge in this respect. Effective adaptation to change requires the efficient use of land, water, energy, and other vital resources, and coordinated efforts to minimise trade-offs and maximise synergies.
While the concept of water-energy-food nexus is all around us, and adaptation to climate change has become an urgent need, little effort has been made so far to understand the linkages between the nexus perspective and adaptation to climate change. In most cases, this is because of the sheer complexity of the nexus, but also due to the fact that the connections are often indirect and at scales of influence beyond the immediate “sight” of consumers and decision-makers.
The side event will emphasise putting ideas into action – moving forward on policy and practice to address the interconnected systems involving food, water and energy. It designed to challenge thinking and spur creativity. Participants will take away new ideas, new relationships, and increased motivation to contribute to addressing these integrated challenges in new ways.
- What is the added-value of a Nexus approach?
- How do we provide nexus security for a growing population now and in a future that ?needs flexibility to adapt to a challenging and changing climate?
- Do the shared priorities of the different nexus strands have to be equal priorities?
- What are the opportunities to improve water and energy efficiency and reduce food ?waste such that every improvement in one area yields gains in all areas?
- What are the strategies for resilience in the face of increased climate variability and ?other environmental changes?
Mr David Carroll, International Gas Union President
Mr Philipp Knill, Head of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) special unit: Climate policy and climate financing
Professor Tony Ryan OBE, Director of The Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, The University of Sheffield, UK
Location: GZ2, Green Zone
Organiser: The University of Sheffield
Given the economic needs for manufacturing innovations, panelists will discuss the case study of the UK’s Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) with Boeing and similar opportunities in Morocco. The AMRC is an industry focused applied research centre focused on transformational gains in production and cost reduction in manufacturing. Specialising in light weighting of components, using composites and metal matrix composites, higher combustion temperatures and increasing technical complexity that compliment reduced carbon emissions.
COP21 objectives call for real impact through Low Emission Vehicle uptake, low-carbon technologies must be made available at lower vehicle price points. Currently premium vehicles are often shipped with hybrid drives and emissions cleaning systems, however these systems are not available in small/medium low cost passenger cars.
By developing manufacturing systems and processes that address the barriers to retailing high volume vehicle models with low carbon technology an increased impact can be delivered. With a fast growing automotive and aerospace industry in Morocco and increasing customer base across the Middle East and North Africa region, making sure that Moroccan based industry and associated global supply chains are best placed to deliver against climate change goals through establishing advanced manufacturing centres of excellence.
Innovation clusters and advanced manufacturing could enable industries in the Gulf region to develop products without the associated risk and levels of R&D capital expenditure. One such model could be Advanced Manufacturing and Research Parks – industry led, state co-funded centres which support designing, rapid prototyping and proving pre-production. Such Centres provide great opportunities, when coupled with Universities, to develop transformational interventions that significantly improve competitiveness, where blue-sky research, applied research and industry collide. These collaboration models could be applied further to de-risk investments on a global scale responding to the array of climate change challenges.
Mr Hamid Benbrahim El-Andaloussi, Chairman GIMAS Moroccan Aerospace Industries Association
Mr Hakim Abdelmoumen, Chairman AMICA Moroccan Automotive Association
Dr Hicham Bouzekri, Chief Executive Officer, MAScIR Moroccan Foundation for Advanced Science, Innovation and Research
Chris Dodwell, Ricardo Innovations UK
Professor Paul Stewart, University of Derby UK
Chair: Mr Jon Price, Strategic Advisor to Research Institutions UK & MENA
Location: GZ3, Green Zone
Organiser: The University of Sheffield
Global agri-food production will have to increase dramatically to meet the needs of growing populations and developing economies, becoming increasingly difficult with the effects of climate change. Understanding and mitigating CO2 and embedded energy in the agri-food system are essential to meeting global challenges sustainably.
Our panel will discuss solutions to sustainable agri-food supply chains, using intensification to improve soil health, new growth media -synthetic soil- in greenhouses, embodied emissions in food crops, ways to mitigate embedded energy in fertiliser production and urban farming.
Professor Duncan Cameron, Co-director of the P3 Centre of excellence for translational agricultural technologies, The University of Sheffield, UK
Niall Bradshaw, The Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, The University of Sheffield, UK
Dr Hamdan Al-Fazari, Pro-VC, Sohar University, Oman
Chair: Professor Tony Ryan OBE, Director of The Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, The University of Sheffield, UK
Location: GZ4, Green Zone (Civil Society)
Organiser: Low Carbon Combustion Centre / Energy2050, University of Sheffield
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and the aviation industry have committed to reduce carbon emissions. The Sept 2016 meeting of ICAO should reach agreement on new market based measures to contribute to this. One method to reduce direct emissions is greater use of alternative aviation fuels. These fuels create certain engineering challenges. This seminar will explore what policies may be needed to increase the use of alternative aviation fuels; the technical challenges; and which governments and stakeholders are leading the way.
Location: GZ5, Green Zone
Organiser: UK Centre for Carbon Dioxide Utilisation, University of Sheffield
Partners: NEDO, Japan Government, SABIC, McKinsey ConsultingThe Paris climate agreement has committed governments to a reduction of CO2 emissions. One key area is how to re-use carbon dioxide as a feedstock for chemicals, fuels and other products.
Location: GCC1, GCC Pavilion
Organiser: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)
How can European institutions support GCC countries to diversify their economies by establishing thriving innovation clusters?
This event will present some of the initiatives planned and in progress between the European institutes and GCC to support economic diversification. Panelists will discuss both barriers and solutions for scaling up investments in both advanced manufacturing and agri-tech, developing low-carbon sustainable technologies for deployment in GCC and wider MENA countries.
Mustafa Babiker, Saudi Arabia
Ali Maashi, Director, Future Business ME&A, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation SABIC Home of Innovation
Mr Jon Price, Strategic Advisor to Research Institutions
Prof. Tony Ryan OBE, Director of The Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, The University of Sheffield
Dr Hicham Bouzekri, Chief Executive Officer, MAScIR, Morocco
Chair: Dr. Bader Al-Harbi
Projections show that by 2050 the demand for food and energy will double and the need for clean water will increase by more than 50 per cent. The challenge to meet these demands is made more difficult due to a changing climate and a global population that is expected to reach 10 billion.
Last year’s United Nations Conference on Climate Change led to an historic global deal to prevent global temperatures going more than 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels. This year, COP22 will focus on action in order to achieve the priorities of the Paris Agreement, encouraging countries to commit to a low-carbon economy.